6 abr. 2011

Escuela autoconstruida “Meti” en Rudrapur / Handmade School in Rudrapur METI

Localización / Location: Rudrapur, Dinajpur district, Bangladesh (2006)
Arquitectos / Architects: Anna Heringer, Eike Roswag (http://www.anna-heringer.com/) (http://www.basehabitat.org/)
Fotografías / Images: Anna Heringer, Boris Unterer, Katharina Doblinger, PMK/Bauerdick
Enlaces / Links: Shanti, worldarchitecture, inhabitat,

Rudrapur se encuentra en el norte de Bangladesh, el país más densamente poblado de la tierra. La pobreza y la falta de infraestructuras empujan a muchas personas a emigrar del campo a las ciudades. La ONG local Dipshikha intenta crear nuevas alternativas a la población rural con sus programas de desarrollo. Uno de ellos es un especial concepto de escuela que inculca autoconfianza e independencia a los niños con el fin de fortalecer su sentido de identidad.
Rudrapur lies in the north of the most densely populated country on the earth. Poverty and the lack of an infrastructure drive many people from the countryside into the cities. The local NGO Dipshikha attempts to follow new paths with its development programme: the intention is to give the rural population perspectives and to help people learn about the value of the village in all its complexity. Part of this is a special school concept that instils in the children self-confidence and independence with the aim of strengthening their sense of identity.
(*) Créditos / Credits
*.ah (Photo or drawing: © Anna Heringer); *.aw ( Photo or drawing: © Anna Wolf); *.bh ( Photo: © BASEhabitat); *.bi ( Photo: © B.K.S. Inan); *.bu ( Photo: © Boris Unterer); *.ck ( Photo: © Corinna König); *.cr ( Photo: © Cornelia Reithofer); *.ct ( Photo: © Bauteam / BASEhabitat); *.dt ( Photo: © Dietmar Tolerian); *.jb ( Photo: © Josef Baier); *.kb ( Photo: © Kristin Boekhoff); *.kd ( Photo: © Katharina Doblinger); *.nh ( Photo: © Naquib Hossain); *.pb ( Photo: © PMK, Bauerdick); *.pp ( Photo: © Patricia Porsch); *.sg ( Photo: © Sabine Gretner); *.sv ( Photo: © Sebastian Vilanek)
TEXTO COMPLETO / FULL TEXT
Esta alegre y elegante escuela primaria de dos pisos situada en un área rural de Bangladesh ha surgido de un profundo conocimiento de los materiales locales y una estrecha comunicación con la comunidad local. Su innovación radica en la utilización de técnicas y materiales tradicionales con el fin de crear unos luminosos e informales espacios destinados a los niños. Materiales como la arcilla y la paja se combinan con elementos más ligeros como el bambú y el nylon para dar forma a un edificio que refleja los principios de la construcción sostenible de una manera ejemplar.


(Photo: © B.K.S. Inan)

El proyecto proporciona el grupo de aulas que el cliente requirió así como unos espacios adicionales que estimulan la creatividad y la interactividad de los más pequeños que no se demandaron en un principio.


(Photo: © Katharina Doblinger)


(Drawing: © Anna Heringer)

Las aulas de la planta baja están rodeadas por un muro de barro, con aberturas y puertas estratégicamente colocadas para permitir la entrada de la luz y el viento.


(Photo: © Bauteam / BASEhabitat)

Las clases del primer piso tienen las paredes de tablillas de bambú que proporcionan una luz difusa, así como la ventilación natural de los espacios.


(Photo: © Katharina Doblinger)

Todas estas aulas tienen una calidad superior a las de otros centros promovidos por otras ONG.
La escuela METI de Rudrapur ha sido galardonada con los premios “2007 Aga Khan Award for Architecture”, “2006 AR Award for Emerging Architecture”, “2006-07 Kenneth F. Brown Asia Pacific Culture and Architecture Design Awards” y reconocida por la “2007 International Bamboo Building Design Competition” como un diseño visionario y ecológico.

This joyous and elegant two-storey primary school in rural Bangladesh has emerged from a deep understanding of local materials and a heart-felt connection to the local community. Its innovation lies in the adaptation of traditional methods and materials of construction to create light-filled celebratory spaces as well as informal spaces for children. Earthbound materials such as loam and straw are combined with lighter elements like bamboo sticks and nylon lashing to shape a built form that addresses sustainability in construction in an exemplary manner.
(Photo: © Bauteam / BASEhabitat)
The project provides the classrooms which were required by the client as well as additional spaces for children to interact and be creative, which were not asked for.




The classrooms at the ground floor are enclosed by a mud wall, with apertures and doorways strategically positioned to allow light and wind penetration. The classrooms on the first floor have walls of slatted bamboo that allow diffused light into the space as well as natural ventilation. These classrooms are generally better than all the NGO’s existing facilities.
The METI School in Rudrapur is a recipient of a 2007 Aga Khan Award for Architecture. The project has also been recognized by the 2007 International Bamboo Building Design Competition as a Visionary Design for Ecological Living, received a 2006 AR Award for Emerging Architecture and the 2006-07 Kenneth F. Brown Asia Pacific Culture and Architecture Design Awards.

(Drawings: © Anna Heringer)

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